American Black Bear ( Ursus americanus )
American Black Bear - American Black Bear information - American Black Bear facts
Ursus americanus is spread all around the North America. It is a common terrestrial carnivore. The adult male weighs up to 700 pounds whereas the female can weigh up to 600 pounds. The American black bear is 6 feet tall with a tail of 6 inches. Its strong and threatening forelimbs are used for obtaining food, climbing as well as for defence.
Its name reveal us its fur colour, however this colour may vary from jet black to brown or even lighter colour. The Black bear usually feds on grass, nuts, roots, fruit, berries or it even gets some food from the garbage. The mating process occurs from May till July. After the birth (often during winter dormancy) the young stay with their mother approximately 2 years and they reach sexual maturity at the age of 5. Ursus americanus has got a dormant period which lasts from October till May. Beforehand they have to prepare for this by eating large amounts of food in order to make sufficient energy supplies. During so called winter dormancy their body temperature and metabolism are decreased.
Food in garbage can attract bears which come closer to places where humans live. Bears can be very aggressive so humans must be very careful when throwing out the trash.